Caucasians Around The Ancient World

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Re: Caucasians Around The Ancient World

Post by Kostas on Sun Feb 18, 2018 1:11 am

Did Early Christians Destroy Pagan Literature?

Probably the world's most exotic medieval manuscript page!

This belong to a manuscript written at the Abbey of Thorney in the 11th-century and preserved in Oxford, St John's College MS 17.

The page includes 13 different alphabets and cryptographic primers, wheels showing the Easter lunar limits and sunrises and sunsets, as well as two extremely cryptic codes, of which one remains unbroken.

From top to bottom and from left to right across the page, these are:

(1) Norse (Danish type) futhorc of 16 letters with rune names and Latin alphabet equivalents. The order of the runes is incorrect, but the forms are archaic.

(2) Fabricated alphabet ending at "r", paralleled by the "Chaldean" alphabets in some Continental examples.

(3) Notae sancti Bonifacii, a cryptographic alphabet where the vowels are replaced by dots, one for "a", two for "e" etc.

(4) Letter substitution code: each letter is represented by the one which follows it in the alphabet: "z" is replaced by "aa"

(5) Vowel substitution code: each vowel is replaced by the letter following it, e.g. "a" by "b", "e" by "f" etc.

(6) Vowels replaced by one, two, three etc. symbols which resemble majuscule Gs or the Arabic numeral 6. This may be related to an Irish ogham code called coll ar guta ("C for a vowel"), and suggests an Irish influence shaping this material, even though no ogham is included.

(7) English futhorc of 43 runes with names, with Roman letter equivalents added to the first six. It has been remarked that the order of the runes is disturbed, the names confused, and a number of variant forms have been introduced

(8 ) Norse (Danish type) futhorc of a later type, with the names of the first 16 runes and values of seven additional ones

(9) Alphabet of "Nemnivius", i.e.Nennius, with Latin equivalents;

(10) English futhorc into which some "Nemnivian" characters have stolen.

(11) This has been described as "a runic alphabet of a composite nature, mainly based upon the English futhorc."

(12) Exotic alphabet of 22 characters, with Latin equivalents, closely resembling the "Egyptian" alphabet found in Continental manuscripts.

(13) The "Scythian" alphabet of "Ethicus Ister", i.e.Vergil or Fergul, bishop of Salzburg in the early 8th c. Several variants for some letters suggest a process of conflation. The names of the characters follow the French tradition.

— at St John's College, Oxford.

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